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Today in History
10/20/2014
Famous Birthdays
Reference:
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1942Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, a German developmental geneticist who in 1995 was a corecipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for research into early embryonic development, was born this day in 1942. 
2003A 40-year-old man went over Niagara Falls without safety devices and survived. He was charged with illegally performing a stunt. 
2002Blue Stream, the deepest underwater pipeline in the world, opened in Turkey and was put in use for the transport of natural gas. 
1995Britain, France and the U.S. announced a treaty that banned atomic blasts in the South Pacific.  
1993Attorney General Janet Reno warned the TV industry to limit the violence in their programs.  
1986American mercenary Eugene Hasenfus was formally charged by the Nicaraguan government on several charges including terrorism.  
1984The U.S. State Department reduced the number of Americans assigned to the U.S. embassy in Beirut, Lebanon.  
1979The John F. Kennedy Library in Boston was dedicated.  
1976More than 70 people were killed when the Norwegian tanker Frosta collided with the ferryboat George Prince on the Mississippi River.  
1973During the ongoing Watergate investigation, U.S. President Richard M. Nixon fired special prosecutor Archibald Cox, prompting the resignations of Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William D. Ruckelshaus in what has been called the “Saturday Night Massacre” of Justice Department officials. 
1973Australia's Sydney Opera House—designed by Danish architect Jørn Utzon, whose dynamic, imaginative, but problematic plan won an international competition in 1957—was opened by Queen Elizabeth II on this day in 1973. 
1968Former first lady Jacqueline Kennedy married Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis. 
1967Seven men were convicted in Meridian, MS, on charges of violating the civil rights of three civil rights workers. Of the men convicted one was a Ku Klux Klan leader and another was a sheriff's deputy.  
1964Former U.S. president Herbert Hoover died in New York City. 
1957Walter Cronkite began hosting "The 20th Century." The show aired until January 4, 1970.  
1955"No Time for Sergeants" opened on Broadway.  
1952The Mau Mau uprising against white settlers began in Kenya.  
1947Hollywood came under scrutiny as the House Un-American Activities Committee opened hearings into alleged Communist influence within the motion picture industry.  
1944Allied forces invaded the Philippines.  
1944During World War II, the Yugoslav cities of Belgrade and Dubrovnik were liberated.  
1942Pierre Laval told the French labor that they must serve in Germany.  
1935Mao Zedong arrived in Hanoi after his Long March that took just over a year. He then set up the Chinese Communist Headquarters.  
1930"The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes" debuted on NBC radio.  
1921France and the Grand National Assembly of Turkey signed the Treaty of Ankara. 
1910A baseball with a cork center was used in a World Series game for the first time.  
1903A joint commission ruled in favor of the U.S. concerning a dispute over the boundary between Canada and the District of Alaska.  
1892The city of Chicago dedicated the World's Columbian Exposition.  
1873A Hippodrome was opened in New York City by showman Phineus T. (P.T.) Barnum.  
1827The Battle of Navarino took place during the Greek War for Independence.  
1822The Congress of Verona, the last of the meetings held by the European powers in accordance with the terms of the Quadruple Alliance, opened in Verona, Italy. 
1818The U.S. and Great Britain established the boundary between the U.S. and Canada to be the 49th parallel.  
1803The U.S. Senate, after due consideration and considerable oratory, ratified the Louisiana Purchase. 
1774The new Continental Congress, the governing body of America’s colonies, passed an order proclaiming that all citizens of the colonies "discountenance and discourage all horse racing and all kinds of gaming, cock fighting, exhibitions of shows, plays and other expensive diversions and entertainment."  
1740Maria Theresa became the ruler of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia with the death of her father, Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI. This sparked the War of the Austrian Succession. 
1600The Battle of Sekigahara established the hegemony of the Tokugawa family in Japan. 
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1972 - Snoop Dogg
1967 - Dann Gillen
1958 - Viggo Mortensen
1950 - Tom Petty
1935 - Jerry Orbach
1931 - Mickey Mantle
1925 - Art Buchwald
1914 - Fayard Nicholas
1882 - Bela Lugosi
1874 - Charles Ives
1854 - Arthur Rimbaud
1632 - Christopher Wren

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