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Famous Birthdays
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1769Born in Dublin this day in 1769 was British army commander Arthur Wellesley, 1st duke of Wellington, who with his allies defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo (1815), conquering the world's conqueror. 
2011On this day President Barak Obama announced that Osama bin Laden, hunted as the mastermind behind the worst terrorist attack on U.S. soil, has been killed.

The president called the killing of bin Laden the "most significant achievement to date" in the effort to defeat al Qaeda.

"Justice has been done," Obama said.

Bin Laden was located at a compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan, which was monitored and when the time was determined to be right, the president said, he authorized a "targeted operation."

"A small team of Americans carried out the operation," Obama said. "After a firefight, they killed Osama bin Laden and took custody of his body."

DNA testing confirmed that it was bin Laden, sources told ABC News.
2004The European Union was enlarged to include the new member states of Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia. 
2001In Washington, DC, Chandra Levy disappeared. She was an intern at the U.S. Bureau of Prisons. California Representative Gary Condit was named in the investigation. Her body was found on May 22, 2002 in Rock Creek Park. 
2000ABC aired the first celebrity "Who Wants to Be a Millionaire."  
2000The "Barbie for President" doll was released in stores.  
1999On Mount Everest, a group of U.S. mountain climbers discovered the body of George Mallory. Mallory had died in June of 1924 while trying to become the first person to reach the summit of Everest. At the time of the discovery it was unclear whether or not Mallory had actually reached the summit.  
1998Arrow Air was fined $5 million for using spare parts that lacked federal approval in the U.S.  
1992On the third day of the Los Angeles riots resulting from the Rodney King beating trial. King appeared in public to appeal for calm, he asked, "Can we all get along?"  
1989Disney-MGM Studios opened.  
1986Bill Elliott set a stock car speed record with his Ford Thunderbird in Talladega, AL. Elliott reached a speed of 212.229 mph.  
1986The Tass News Agency reported the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident.  
1971The National Railroad Passenger Copr. (Amtrak) went into service. It was established by the U.S. Congress to run the nation's intercity railroads.  
1970Students at Kent State University riot in downtown Kent, OH, in protest of the American invasion of Cambodia.  
1969Leonard Tose bought the NFL's Philadelphia Eagles for $16,155,000.  
1968In the second day of battle, U.S. Marines, with the support of naval fire, continue their attack on a North Vietnamese Division at Dai Do.  
1967Anastasio Somoza Debayle became president of Nicaragua.  
1961Fidel Castro announced there would be no more elections in Cuba.  
1961The first major airplane hijacking within the United States occurred when a man forced a commercial airliner en route from Miami to Key West, Florida, to detour to Cuba.  
1960Francis Gary Powers' U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union. Powers was taken prisoner.  
1958James Van Allen reported that two radiation belts encircled Earth.  
1950Gwendolyn Brooks became the first African American to win the Pulitzer Prize for her book of poetry called Annie Allen.  
1948The People's Democratic Republic of Korea (North Korea) was proclaimed.  
1945Admiral Karl Doenitz succeeded Hitler as leader of the Third Reich. This was one day after Hitler committed suicide.  
1945Martin Bormann, private secretary to Adolf Hitler, escaped from the Fuehrerbunker as the Red Army advanced on Berlin.  
1944The Messerschmitt Me 262, the first combat jet, made its first flight.  
1941"Citizen Kane," directed and starring Orson Welles, premiered in New York.  
1937U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt signed an act of neutrality, keeping the United States out of World War II.  
1934The Philippine legislature accepted a U.S. proposal for independence.  
1931The Empire State Building in New York was dedicated and opened. It was 102 stories tall and was the tallest building in the world at the time.  
1927Adolf Hitler held his first Nazi meeting in Berlin.  
1922Charlie Robertson of the Chicago White Sox pitched a perfect no-hit, no-run game against the Detroit Tigers. The Sox won 3-0. Another perfect game did not come along until 46 years later.  
1915A German submarine sank the U.S. ship Gulflight.  
1912In London's Kensington Gardens, a statue of Peter Pan was erected.  
1905In New York, radium was tested as a cure for cancer.  
1898The Battle of Manila Bay ended in the defeat of the Spanish Pacific fleet by the U.S. Navy, resulting in the fall of the Philippines and contributing to the final U.S. victory in the Spanish-American War. 
1889On this day in 1889, May Day—traditionally a celebration of the return of spring, marked by dancing around a Maypole—was first observed as a labour holiday, designated as such by the International Socialist Congress. 
1884The construction of the firt American 10-story building began in Chicago, IL.  
1883William F. Cody (Buffalo Bill) had his first Wild West Show.  
1877U.S. President Rutherford B. Hayes withdrew all Federal troops from the South, ending Reconstruction.  
1867Reconstruction in the South began with black voter registration.  
1863In Virginia, the Battle of Chancellorsville began. General Robert E. Lee's forces began fighting with Union troops under General Joseph Hooker. Confederate General Stonewall Jackson was mortally wounded by his own soldiers in this battle. (May 1-4)  
1851The Great Exhibition of 1851 opened in London in the Crystal Palace, which was designed by Sir Joseph Paxton. 
1805The state of Virginia passed a law requiring all freed slaves to leave the state, or risk either imprisonment or deportation.  
1751America’s first cricket tournament was held in New York City.  
1707England, Wales and Scotland were united to form Great Britain.  
1486Christopher Columbus convinced Queen Isabella to fund an expedition to the West Indies.  
1308King Albert was murdered by his nephew John, because he refused his share of the Habsburg lands.  
408Theodosius II succeeded to the throne of Constantinople.  
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1967 - Tim McGraw
1945 - Rita Coolidge
1939 - Judy Collins
1924 - Terry Southern
1918 - Jack Paar
1916 - Glenn Ford
1909 - Kate Smith

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