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Today in History
12/11/2016
Famous Birthdays
Reference:
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1918Born this day in 1918, Russian writer Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn—best known for The Gulag Archipelago, which chronicles the U.S.S.R.'s vast system of prisons and labour camps—received the Nobel Prize for Literature for 1970. 
*1911Egyptian novelist and screenplay writer Naguib Mahfouz, the first Arabic writer to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, was born in Cairo. 
2001Federal agents seized computers in 27 U.S. cities as part of "Operation Buccaneer." The raids were used to gain evidence against an international software piracy ring. 
2001It was announced that U.S. President George W. Bush would withdraw the U.S. from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty with Russia.  
2001Ted Turner purchased 12,000 acres in Nebraska for Bison ranches.  
2001U.S. Attorney General Ashcroft announced the first federal indictment directly related to the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001. Zacarias Moussaoui was charged with six conspiracy charges. Moussaoui was in custody at the time of the attacks.  
2000Mario Lemeiux, owner of Pittsburgh Penquins, announced that he would end his three-plus year retirement and become an active National Hockey League (NHL) player again. When Lemieux returned officially he became the first owner/player in NHL history.  
1998Scientists announced that they had deciphered the entire genetic blueprint of a tiny worm.  
1998The Mars Climate Orbiter blasted off on a nine-month journey to the Red Planet. However, the probe disappeared in September of 1999, apparently destroyed because scientists had failed to convert English measures to metric values.  
1998The Judiciary Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives recommended three articles of impeachment against President Bill Clinton, adding a fourth article the following day, for actions taken in connection to his affair with White House intern Monica Lewinsky. 
1997More than 150 countries agreed at a global warming conference in Kyoto, Japan, to control the Earth's "greenhouse gases."  
1997More than 270 Tutsi refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo were killed by Juto guerillas in Mudende, Rwanda.  
1997Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams became the first political ally of the IRA to meet a British leader in 76 years. He conferred with Prime Minister Tony Blair in London.  
1996In Crystal City, VA, "The Art of the Toy" opened. The exhibit was at the Patent and Trademark Office Museum.  
1994The world's largest free trade zone was created when leaders of 34 Western Hemisphere nations signed a free-trade declaration known as "The Miami Process."  
1994Led by Dzhokhar Dudayev, thousands of Russian troops, armored columns and jets entered Chechnya. The move by Moscow was an effort to restore control of the breakaway rebel Chechen government. 
1991Salman Rushdie, under an Islamic death sentence for blasphemy, made his first public appearance since 1989 in New York, at a dinner marking the 200th anniversary of the First Amendment (which guarantees freedom of speech in the U.S.).  
1990Ivana Trump was divorced from Donald Trump after 12 years of marriage.  
198862 people were killed in a Mexico City marketplace when tons of illegal fireworks exploded.  
1987Charlie Chaplin's trademark cane and bowler hat were sold at Christie's for £82,500.  
1986The government of South Africa expanded its media restrictions by imposing prior censorship and banning coverage of a wide range of peaceful anti-apartheid protests.  
1985General Electric Company agreed to buy RCA Corporation for $6.3 billion. Also included in the deal was NBC Radio and Television.  
1985The U.S. House of Representatives joined the U.S. Senate by giving final congressional approval to the Gramm-Rudman deficit-reduction law.  
1981Muhammad Ali fought his last fight. He lost his 61st fight to Trevor Berbick.  
1980U.S. President Jimmy Carter signed into law legislation creating $1.6 billion environmental "superfund" that would be used to pay for cleaning up chemical spills and toxic waste dumps.  
1973West German Chancellor Willy Brandt and Czech Prime Minister Lubomir Strougal formally nullified the 1938 Munich pact when they signed a treaty sanctioning Hitler's seizure of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland.  
1967The prototype of the Concorde was shown for the first time in Toulouse, France.  
1961The first direct American military support for South Vietnam occurred when a U.S. aircraft carrier carrying Army helicopters arrived in Saigon.  
1951Joe DiMaggio (New York Yankees) announced his retirement from major league baseball. DiMaggio only played for the Yankees during his 13-year career.  
1946The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) was established by the U.N. General Assembly. The fund provides relief to children in countries devastated by war.  
1943The City Center of Music and Drama was dedicated in New York by Mayor Fiorello La Guardia.  
1941Germany and Italy declared war on the United States. The U.S in turn declared war on the two countries following the Japanese attacks on the U.S., British, and Dutch positions in the Pacific and in East Asia. 
1937The Fascist Council in Rome, withdrew Italy from the League of Nations.  
1936Britain's King Edward VIII abdicated in order to marry American Wallis Warfield Simpson. He became the Duke of Windsor.  
1936Abdication of King Edward VIII. Edward VIII, failing to win acceptance for his desire to marry American divorcée Wallis Warfield Simpson, became the only British sovereign to voluntarily resign the crown, his abdication formally approved this day in 1936. 
1930The Bank of the United States in New York failed.  
1928In Buenos Aires, police thwarted an attempt on the life of President-elect Herbert Hoover.  
1894The world's first motor show opened in Paris with nine exhibitors.  
1882Boston's Bijou Theater had its first performance. It was the first American playhouse lit exclusively by electricity.  
1872Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback became America's first black governor when he took office as acting governor of Louisiana.  
1845The Sonderbund was formed by the seven Roman Catholic conservative Swiss cantons (Luzern, Uri, Schwyz, Unterwalden, Zug, Fribourg, and Valais) to oppose anti-Catholic measures by Protestant liberal cantons. 
1844Dr. Horace Wells became the first person to have a tooth extracted after receiving an anesthetic for the dental procedure. Nitrous Oxide, or laughing gas, was the anesthetic.  
1816Indiana was admitted to the Union as the 19th American state.  
1792France's King Louis XVI went before the Convention, which had replaced the National Assembly, to face charges of treason. He was convicted and condemned and was sent to the guillotine the following January.  
1769Edward Beran of London patented venetian blinds.  
1719The first recorded sighting of the Aurora Borealis was in New England.  
1282Llywelyn (Llewelyn ap Gruffydd) was killed in Cilmeri, central Wales.  
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1996 - Hailee SteinfeldActress
1979 - Rider Strong
1969 - Max MartiniActor
1966 - Gary DourdanActor
1964 - David SchoolRock Musician (Gov't Mule)
1961 - Darryl JonesRock Musician (The Rolling Stones)
1958 - Nikki SixxRock Musician (Motley Crue)
1954 - Jermaine Jackson
1953 - Bess ArmstrongActress
1949 - Teri Garr
1944 - Brenda Lee
1943 - John Kerry
1942 - Donna Mills
1931 - Rita Moreno
1930 - Jean-Louis TrintignantActor
1913 - Carlo Ponti
1908 - Elliott CarterPulitzer Prize-Winning Composer
1882 - Fiorello La Guardia

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