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Today in History
9/19/2014
Famous Birthdays
Reference:
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1911English novelist Sir William Golding, born this day in 1911, won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1983 for his parables of the human condition, most notably his acclaimed novel Lord of the Flies (1954). 
2003It was reported that AOL Time Warner was going to drop "AOL" from its name and be known as Time Warner Inc. The company had announced its merger and name change on January 10, 2000. 
2002In Ivory Coast, around 750 rebel soldiers attempted to overthrow the government. U.S. troops landed on September 25th to help move foreigners, including Americans, to safer areas.  
1996The government of Guatemala and leftist rebels signed a peace treaty to end their long war.  
1995The commander of American forces in Japan and the U.S. ambassador apologized for the rape of a schoolgirl committed by three U.S. servicemen.  
1995The U.S. Senate passed a welfare overhaul bill.  
1995The Unabomber's manifesto was published by The Washington Post and the New York Times.  
1994U.S. troops entered Haiti peacefully to enforce the return of exiled President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.  
1992The U.N. Security Council recommended suspending Yugoslavia due to its role in the Bosnian civil war.  
1990Iraq began confiscating foreign assets of countries that were imposing sanctions against the Iraqi government.  
1989A DC-10 belonging to the French airliner UTA disappeared while carrying 171 people to Paris. The wreckage of the plane was found the next day in Niger. It was believed a bomb was responsible.  
1988Israel successfully launched the Horizon-I test satellite.  
1986U.S. health officials announced that AZT, though an experimental drug, would be made available to AIDS patients.  
1985An earthquake registering 8.1 on the Richter Scale hit the Mexico City area. About 6,000 people were killed.  
1984China and Britain completed a draft agreement transferring Hong Kong from British to Chinese rule by 1997.  
1983Lebanese army units defending Souk el-Gharb were supported in their effort by two U.S. Navy ships off Beirut.  
1982Scott Fahlman became the first person to use :-) in an online message.  
1970"The Mary Tyler Moore Show" premiered on CBS-TV.  
1960Cuban leader Fidel Castro, in New York to visit the United Nations, checked out of the Shelburne Hotel angrily after a dispute with the management.  
1959Nikita Khruschev was not allowed to visit Disneyland due to security reasons. Khrushchev reacted angrily.  
1957The U.S. conducted its first underground nuclear test. The test took place in the Nevada desert.  
1955President Juan Perón of Argentina was overthrown and fled to Paraguay after an army-navy revolt led by democratically inspired officers. 
1955Argentina President Juan Peron was ousted after a revolt by the army and navy.  
1955Eva Marie Saint, Frank Sinatra and Paul Newman starred in the "Producer's Showcase" presentation of "Our Town" on NBC-TV.  
1945William Joyce, also known as "Lord Haw-Haw", was sentenced to death by a British court for his role as a Nazi propagandist.  
1934Bruno Hauptman was arrested in New York and charged with the kidnapping and murder of the infant son of Charles and Anna Lindbergh.  
1893In New Zealand, the Electoral Act 1893 was consented to giving all women in New Zealand the right to vote.  
1891"The Merchant of Venice" was performed for the first time at Manchester.  
1881James A. Garfield died of wounds from an assassin. The 20th U.S. president lived for 11 weeks after the wounds were inflicted.  
1876Melville R. Bissell, of Grand Rapids, MI, received U.S. patent for a "Carpet-Sweeper "; attempt to eradicate effect on his wife's health of dust from packing materials at his crockery shop; hog bristles bound with string were dipped in hot pitch, inserted in brush rollers, trimmed with scissors; 
1863The Battle of Chickamauga Creek, an important engagement of the American Civil War that was fought over control of the railroad centre at nearby Chattanooga, Tennessee, began. 
1819John Keats wrote "Ode to Autumn."  
1796In his Farewell Address, printed in a Philadelphia newspaper on this day in 1796, George Washington, the first U.S. president, implored his country to maintain neutrality and avoid entangling alliances with Europe. 
1783The Montgolfier brothers sent aloft a balloon with a rooster, a duck, and a sheep aboard, rapidly advancing French aeronautics. 
1777The Battle of Saratoga was won by American soldiers during the Revolutionary War.  
1657John II Casimir Vasa, king of Poland, signed the Treaty of Wehlau, renouncing the suzerainty of the Polish crown over ducal Prussia and making Frederick William the duchy's sovereign ruler. 
1356The Battle of Poitiers was fought between England and France. Edward "the Black Prince" captured France's King John.  
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1984 - Kevin Zegers
1976 - Alison Sweeney
1974 - Jimmy Fallon
1967 - Jim Abbott
1964 - Trisha Yearwood
1950 - Joan Lunden
1949 - Leslie "Twiggy" Lawson
1948 - Jeremy Irons
1945 - Randolph Mantooth
1941 - "Mama" Cass Elliot
1940 - Paul Williams
1933 - David McCallum
1928 - Adam West

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