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Today in History
Famous Birthdays
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1925Italian musician Luciano Berio, born this day in 1925, combined lyric and expressive qualities with advanced techniques of electronic and aleatoric music and ranked among the leaders of the musical avant-garde. 
*1632Dutch microscopist Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, who became the first to observe bacteria and protozoans, was born.  
2003In London, the last commercial supersonic Concorde flight landed. 
2002Microsoft Corp. and Walt Disney Co. announced the release of an upgraded MSN Internet service with Disney content.  
2001NASA's 2001 Mars Odyssey spacecraft successfully entered orbit around Mars.  
2001The U.S. House of Representatives approved legislation that gave police the power to secretly search homes, tap all of a person's telephone conversation and track people's use of the Internet.  
2001The U.S. stamp "United We Stand" was dedicated.  
1999An Israeli court sentenced American teen-ager Samuel Sheinbein to 24 years in prison. The crime was killing an acquaintance in Maryland in 1997.  
1997In Arlington, VA, former NBC sportscaster Marv Albert was spared a jail sentence after a courtroom apology to the woman he'd bitten during a sexual encounter.  
1992The Toronto Blue Jays became the first non-U.S. team to win the World Series.  
1989Reverend Jim Bakker was sentenced to 45 years in prison and fined $500,000 for his conviction on 24 counts of fraud. In 1991, his sentence was reduced to eighteen years and he was released on parole after a total five years in prison.  
1986Britain broke off relations with Syria after a Jordanian was convicted in an attempted bombing. The evidence in the trial led to the belief that Syria was involved in the attack on the Israeli jetliner.  
1970Salvador Allende's election as the first Marxist president of Chile was confirmed. 
1969Richard Burton bought his wife Elizabeth Taylor a 69-carat Cartier diamond ring for $1.5 million. Burton presented the ring to Taylor several days later.  
1962During the Cuban Missile Crisis, U.S. military forces went on the highest alert in the postwar era in preparation for a possible full-scale war with the Soviet Union. The U.S. blockade of Cuba officially began on this day.  
1960All remaining American-owned property in Cuba was nationalized. The process of nationalizing all U.S. and foreign-owned property in Cuban had begun on August 6, 1960.  
1949The cornerstone for the U.N. Headquarters was laid in New York City.  
1948The term "cold war" was used for the first time. It was in a speech by Bernard Baruch before the Senate War Investigating Committee.  
1945Pierre Laval of France and Vidkum Abraham Quisling of Norway were executed. The two men were recognized as the two most prominent collaborators of the Nazis.  
1945The United Nations (UN) was formally established less than a month after the end of World War II. The Charter was ratified by China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States and by a majority of other signatories.  
1940In the U.S., the 40-hour workweek went into effect under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.  
1939Nylon stockings were sold to the public for the first time in Wilmington, DE.  
1931The George Washington Bridge opened for traffic between New York and New Jersey.  
1929In the U.S., investors dumped more than 13 million shares on the stock market. The day is known as "Black Thursday."  
1929A record 12,894,650 shares of stock were traded, causing the first day of real panic in the Crash of 1929, known as “Black Thursday.” 
1922Benito Mussolini summoned a “March on Rome” and subsequently became dictator of Italy. 
1917More than 600,000 Italians surrendered or retreated at the Battle of Caporetto during World War I. 
1901Daredevil Anna Edson Taylor became the first person to go over Niagara Falls in a wooden barrel. She was 63 years old.  
1861The first transcontinental telegraph message was sent when Justice Stephen J. Field of California transmitted a telegram to U.S. President Lincoln, effectively bringing to an end the Pony Express.  
1836Alonzo D. Phillips received a patent for the phosphorous friction safety match.  
1830Belva Lockwood was born. She was the first woman formally nominated for the U.S. Presidency.  
1795The country of Poland was divided up between Austria, Prussia, and Russia.  
1788Poet Sarah Joseph Hale was born. She wrote the poem "Mary Had A Little Lamb."  
1648The Holy Roman Empire was effectively destroyed by the Peace of Westphalia that brought an end to the Thirty Years War.  
1632Scientist Anthony van Leeuwenhoek was born in Delft, Holland. He created the first microscope lenses that were powerful enough to observe single-celled animals.  
1537Jane Seymour, the third wife of England's King Henry VIII, died after giving birth to Prince Edward. Prince Edward became King Edward VI.  
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1980 - Monica ArnoldActress-Singer
1979 - Ben GilliesRock Musician (Silverchair)
1960 - B.D. WongActor
1954 - Doug DavidsonActor
1947 - Kevin KlineActor
1939 - F. Murray AbrahamActor
1939 - Bill WymanRock Musician
1936 - David NelsonActor-Director
1930 - J.P. "Big Bopper" Richardson
1926 - Y.A. TittleFootball Hall-Of-Famer
1904 - Moss HartPlaywrite-Director

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