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Today in History
Famous Birthdays
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1951U.S. astronaut Sally Ride was born in Encino, California. 
*1907American motion-picture actor John Wayne was born in Winterset, Iowa. 
*1886Al Jolson, born this day in 1886 as Asa Yoelson in Russia, was a popular American singer and blackface comedian of the musical stage and motion pictures from before World War I to 1940. His unique singing style and personal magnetism established an immediate rapport with audiences. 
1998The Grand Princess cruise ship made its inaugural cruise. The ship measured 109,000 tons and cost approximately $450 million, making it the largest and most expensive cruise ship ever built. 
1998The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Ellis Island was mainly in New Jersey, not New York.  
1998The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that police officers in high-speed chases are liable for bystander injuries only if their "actions shock the conscience."  
1994U.S. President Clinton renewed trade privileges for China, and announced that his administration would no longer link China's trade status with its human rights record.  
1991A Lauda Air Boeing 767 crashed in Thailand, killing all 223 people aboard.  
1988The Edmonton Oilers won their fourth NHL Stanley Cup in five seasons. They swept the series 4 games to 0 against the Boston Bruins.  
1978The first legal casino in the Eastern U.S. opened in Atlantic City, NJ.  
1977George H. Willig was arrested after he scaled the South Tower of New York's World Trade Center. It took him 3 1/2 hours.  
1975American stuntman Evel Knievel suffered severe spinal injuries in Britain when he crashed while attempting to jump 13 buses in his car.  
1973Kathy Schmidt set an American women’s javelin record with a throw of 207 feet, 10 inches.  
1972The Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT I) was signed by the U.S. and USSR. The short-term agreement put a freeze on the testing and deployment of intercontinental and submarine-launched ballistic missiles for a 5-year period.  
1969The Apollo 10 astronauts returned to Earth after a successful eight-day dress rehearsal for the first manned moon landing.  
1966Formerly a colony of the Dutch and later the British, Guyana gained its independence. 
1961A U.S. Air Force bomber flew across the Atlantic in a record time of just over three hours.  
1961Civil rights activist group Freedom Ride Coordinating Committee was established in Atlanta, GA.  
1959The word "Frisbee" became a registered trademark of Wham-O.  
1958Union Square, San Francisco became a state historical landmark.  
1956The first trailer bank opened for business in Locust Grove, Long Island, NY. The 46-foot-long trailer took in $100,000 in deposits its first day.  
1948The U.S. Congress passed Public Law 557 which permanently established the Civil Air Patrol as the Auxiliary of the new U.S. Air Force.  
1946A patent was filed in the United States for an H-bomb.  
1946British Prime Minister Winston Churchill signed a military pact with Russian leader Joseph Stalin. Stalin promised a "close collaboration after the war."  
1940The evacuation of Allied troops from Dunkirk, France, began during World War II.  
1938The House Committee on Un-American Activities began its work of searching for subversives in the United States.  
1926In Morocco, rebel leader Abd el Krim surrendered.  
1913The Actors' Equity Association, the trade union for American performing artists, was founded in New York City. 
1908In Persia, the first oil strike was made in the Middle East.  
1896The Dow Jones Industrial Average appeared for the first time in the "Wall Street Journal."  
1896The last czar of Russia, Nicholas II, was crowned.  
1876The Challenger Expedition, a groundbreaking oceanographic exploration cruise carried out by the British Admiralty and the Royal Society, concluded successfully. 
1868U.S. President Andrew Johnson was acquitted, by one vote, of all charges in his impeachment trial.  
1865Arrangements were made in New Orleans for the surrender of Confederate forces west of the Mississippi.  
1864The Territory of Montana was organized.  
1836The U.S. House of Representatives adopted what has been called the Gag Rule.  
1835A resolution was passed in the U.S. Congress stating that Congress has no authority over state slavery laws.  
1831Russians defeated the Poles at battle of Ostrolenska.  
1805Napoleon Bonaparte was crowned King of Italy in Milan Cathedral.  
1791The French Assembly forced King Louis XVI to hand over the crown and state assets.  
1736The British and Chickasaw Indians defeated the French at the Battle of Ackia.  
1703English diarist and naval administrator Samuel Pepys, celebrated for his Diary, died in London. 
1691Jacob Leiser, leader of the popular uprising in support of William and Mary’s accession to the English throne, was executed for treason.  
1670A treaty was signed in secret in Dover, England, between Charles II and Louis XIV ending the hostilities between them.  
1660King Charles II of England landed at Dover after being exiled for nine years.  
1647A new law banned Catholic priests from the colony of Massachusetts. The penalty was banishment or death for a second offense.  
1583Susanna, the eldest daughter of William Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway, was baptized. 
1521On this day the Edict of Worms was passed by the Diet (assembly) of the Holy Roman Empire held at Worms, Germany. It declared that the German priest and scholar Martin Luther, who proposed various church reforms, was an outlaw and a heretic who should be captured and turned over to the emperor and whose writings were forbidden. The edict was never enforced to its fullest extent, and Luther's proposals soon led to the Protestant Reformation. 
1328William of Ockham was forced to flee from Avignon by Pope John XXII.  
17Germanicus of Rome celebrated his victory over the Germans.  
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1970 - Joseph FiennesActor
1968 - Phillip RhodesRock Musician
1966 - Helena Bonham CarterActress
1964 - Lenny Kravitz
1962 - Bobcat GoldthwaitActor-Comedian
1962 - Genie FrancisActress
1960 - Doug HutchnsonActor
1957 - Margaret ColinActress
1951 - Sally Ride
1949 - Pam Grier
1949 - Philip Michael Thomas
1949 - Hank Williams, Jr.
1948 - Stevie Nicks
1945 - Garry PetersonRock Musician (Guess Who)
1939 - Brent Musburger
1926 - Miles Davis
1923 - James Arness
1920 - Peggy Lee
1919 - Jay Silverheels
1914 - Frankie Manning
1913 - Peter Cushing
1908 - Robert Morley
1907 - John Wayne
1886 - Al Jolson

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