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Today in History
2/8/2016
Famous Birthdays
Reference:
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1591Italian painter Il Guercino (“The Squinting One”), whose frescoes freshly exploited the illusionistic ceiling and made a profound impact on the evolution of 17th-century Roman High Baroque art, was born this day in 1591.  
2002The exhibit "Places of Their Own" opened at the National Museum of Women in the Arts. The works displayed were by Geogia O'Keeffe, Frida Kahlo and Emily Carr. 
1999In Sri Lanka, 23 rebels were killed in fighting with Sri Lankan forces.  
1993General Motors sued NBC, alleging that "Dateline NBC" had rigged two car-truck crashes to show that some GM pickups were prone to fires after certain types of crashes. The suit was settled the following day by NBC.  
1985"The Dukes of Hazzard" ended its 6-1/2 year run on CBS television.  
1980U.S. President Jimmy Carter announced a plan to re-introduce draft registration.  
1978The U.S. Senate deliberations were broadcast on radio for the first time. The subject was the Panama Canal treaties.  
1974The three-man crew of the Skylab space station returned to Earth after 84 days.  
1974The use of Skylab, a U.S. space station, came to an end after 171 days. 
1973U.S. Senate leaders named seven members of a select committee to investigate the Watergate scandal.  
1971The Nasdaq stock-market index debuted.  
1969The last issue of the "Saturday Evening Post" was published.  
1968In Orangeburg, SC, three college students died during a civil rights protest against a whites-only bowling alley after a confrontation with highway patrolmen.  
1963Lamar Hunt, owner of the American Football League franchise in Dallas, TX, moved the operation to Kansas City. The new team was named the Chiefs. (NFL)  
1963The Kennedy administration prohibited travel to Cuba and made financial and commercial transactions with Cuba illegal for U.S. citizens.  
1952Queen Elizabeth II ascended to the British throne. Her father, George VI, had died on February 6.  
1936The first National Football League draft was held. Jay Berwanger was the first to be selected. He went to the Philadelphia Eagles. (NFL)  
1927The original version of "Getting Gertie’s Garter" opened at the Hippodrome Theatre in New York City.  
1924The first U.S. execution to make use of gas took place in Nevada State Prison.  
1922The White House began using radio after U.S. President Harding had it installed.  
1918"The Stars and Stripes" newspaper was published for the first time.  
1915The landmark film The Birth of a Nation, by D.W. Griffith, made its premiere at Clune's Auditorium in Los Angeles. 
1910William D. Boyce incorporated the Boy Scouts of America.  
1904The Russo-Japanese War began with Japan attacking Russian forces in Manchuria.  
1900In South Africa, British troops under Gen. Buller were beaten at Ladysmith. The British fled over the Tugela River.  
1896The Western Conference was formed by representatives of Midwestern universities. The group changed its name to the Big 10 Conference.  
1887The United States passed the Dawes General Allotment Act, providing for the distribution of American Indian reservation land among individual tribesmen. 
1867The Ausgleich (“Compromise”) established the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary. 
1861A Cheyenne delegation and some Arapohoe leaders accepted a new settlement (Treaty of Fort Wise) with the U.S. Federal government. The deal ceded most of their land but secured a 600-square mile reservation and annuity payments.  
1861The Confederate States of America was formed.  
1802Simon Willard patented the banjo clock.  
1693A charter was granted for the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, VA.  
1587Mary, Queen of Scots, rival of Queen Elizabeth I of England, was beheaded this day in 1587 at Fotheringhay Castle, her execution a chilling scene redeemed by the great personal dignity with which she met her fate.  
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1992 - Karle WarrenActress (Judging Amy)
1990 - Bethany Meilani HamiltonProfessional Surfer
1979 - Josh Keaton
1977 - David "Phoenix" Farrell
1974 - Seth Green
1970 - Alonzo MourningRetired NBA Player
1968 - Gary Coleman
1968 - Claudette Pace
1961 - Vince NeilRock Singer (Motley Crue)
1955 - John GrishamAuthor
1953 - Mary SteenburgenActress
1949 - Brooke AdamsActress
1942 - Robert Klein
1941 - Nick Nolte
1940 - Ted Koppel
1932 - John Williams
1931 - James Dean
1925 - Jack Lemmon
1924 - Audrey Meadows
1921 - Freddie Blassie
1921 - Lana Turner
1902 - Lyle Talbot
1828 - Jules Verne
1820 - William Tecumseh Sherman

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