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Today in History
7/7/2015
Famous Birthdays
Reference:
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1906Satchel Paige, a professional baseball pitcher who earned legendary fame during his many years in the Negro leagues, is believed to have been born this day in Mobile, Alabama. 
*1887Born this day in 1887, French artist Marc Chagall created images based on emotional and poetic associations, and his early works, which predated Surrealism, were among the first expressions of psychic reality in modern art. 
2005In London, at least 66 people were killed and at least 700 were injured when several bombs were set off in subway cars and double-decker buses.  
2003In Liberia, a team of U.S. military experts arrived at the U.S. embassy compound to assess whether to deploy troops as part of a peacekeeping force in the country.  
2000Amazon.com announced that they had sold almost 400,000 copies of "Harry Potter and The Goblet of Fire," making it the biggest selling book in e-tailing history.  
2000Cisco Systems Inc. announced that it would buy Netiverse Inc. for $210 million in stock. It was the 13th time Cisco had purchased a company in 2000.  
1999In Sierra Leone, President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah and rebel leader Foday Sankoh signed a pact to end the nation's civil war.  
1998A jury in Santa Monica, CA, convicted Mikail Markhasev of murdering Ennis Cosby, Bill Cosby's only son, during a roadside robbery.  
1987Public testimony at the Iran-Contra hearing began.  
1983Eleven-year-old Samantha Smith of Manchester, Maine, left for a visit to the Soviet Union at the personal invitation of Soviet leader Yuri V. Andropov.  
1981U.S. President Reagan announced he was nominating Arizona Judge Sandra Day O'Connor to become the first female justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.  
1978The Solomon Islands became an independent nation. 
1969Canada's House of Commons gave final approval to a measure that made the French language equal to English throughout the national government.  
1950The UN Security Council authorized military aid for South Korea.  
1949"Dragnet" was first heard on NBC radio.  
1946Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini became the first U.S. citizen to be canonized by the Roman Catholic Church. 
1937Chinese and Japanese troops clashed near the Marco Polo Bridge outside Beijing prior to World War II. 
1930Construction began on Boulder Dam, later Hoover Dam, on the Colorado River.  
1920A device known as the radio compass was used for the first time on a U.S. Navy airplane near Norfolk, VA.  
1917Aleksandr Kerensky formed a provisional government in Russia.  
1898Hawaiian Islands annexed by the United States. The U.S. Congress annexed Hawaii through a joint resolution signed by President William McKinley on this day in 1898, paving the way for the islands to become a territory (1900) and later a U.S. state (1959). 
1885G. Moore Peters patented the cartridge-loading machine.  
1865Four people were hanged in Washington, DC, after being convicted of conspiring with John Wilkes Booth to assassinate U.S. President Lincoln.  
1862The first railroad post office was tested on the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad in Missouri.  
1846U.S. annexation of California was proclaimed at Monterey after the surrender of a Mexican garrison.  
1807The first of the Treaties of Tilsit was signed between France and Russia after Napoleon's victories over the Russians and Prussians. 
1770A Russian fleet destroyed an Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Çesme on the Aegean Sea. 
1754Kings College opened in New York City. It was renamed Columbia College 30 years later.  
1456Saint Joan of Arc declared innocent of heresy. A posthumous retrial opened in 1452 after the war ended. Pope Callixtus III authorized this proceeding, also known as the "nullification trial", at the request of Inquisitor-General Jean Brehal and Joan's mother Isabelle Romée. 
1438King Charles VII of France issued the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges, restricting the rights of the pope and in many cases making his jurisdiction subject to the will of the king. 
1307King Edward I of England died on his way to subdue the new Scottish king, Robert the Bruce. 
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1984 - Ross MalingerActor
1982 - CassidyRapper
1980 - Michelle Kwan
1969 - Cree Summer
1968 - Amy CarlsonActress
1968 - Jorja FoxActress
1966 - Jim GaffiganActor-Comedian
1966 - Ricky KinchenRhythm-and-Blues Musician (Mint Condition)
1963 - Vonda SheppardSinger-Songwriter
1962 - Mark WhiteRock Musician (Spin Doctors)
1959 - Billy CampbellActor
1951 - Roz RyanActress
1949 - Shelley Duvall
1940 - Ringo Starr
1927 - Doc Severinsen
1922 - Pierre Cardin
1907 - Robert Heinlein

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