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Today in History
7/29/2014
Famous Birthdays
Reference:
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1883Benito Mussolini, born this day in 1883, was the prime minister of Italy (1922–43) and the first of 20th-century Europe's fascist dictators. As early as February 1918, Mussolini, who became known as Il Duce (“the Leader”), advocated the emergence of a dictator—“a man who is ruthless and energetic enough to make a clean sweep”—to confront the economic and political crisis then gripping Italy. Supported in his fascist schemes by Adolf Hitler but wary of German power, Mussolini agreed to the Rome-Berlin Axis and declared war on the Allies in 1940. 
2005Astronomers announced that they had discovered a new planet larger than Pluto in orbit around the sun. 
1999Mark O. Barton killed nine people and wounded 13 others in a shooting rampage in Atlanta, GA. He wife and two children had been found bludgeoned to death earlier in the day.  
1998The United Auto Workers union ended a 54-day strike against General Motors. The strike caused $2.8 billion in lost revenues.  
1997Minamata Bay in Japan was declared free of mercury 40 years after contaminated food fish were blamed for deaths and birth defects.  
1993The Israeli Supreme Court acquitted retired Ohio autoworker John Demjanjuk of being Nazi death camp guard "Ivan the Terrible." His death sentence was thrown out and he was set free.  
1985General Motors announced that Spring Hill, TN, would be the home of the Saturn automobile assembly plant.  
1983Steve Garvey of the Los Angeles Dodgers set the National League consecutive game record at 1,207.  
1981England's Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer were married.  
1981Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer were married in St. Paul's Cathedral in London. 
1975OAS (Organization of American States) members voted to lift collective sanctions against Cuba. The U.S. government welcomed the action and announced its intention to open serious discussions with Cuba on normalization.  
1968Pope Paul VI reaffirmed the Roman Catholic Church's stance against artificial methods of birth control.  
1967Fire swept the USS Forrestal in the Gulf of Tonkin. 134 U.S. servicemen were killed.  
1958National Aeronautics and Space Administration established. Criticized for allowing the Soviet Union to launch the first man-made satellite to orbit Earth (Sputnik I, on October 4, 1957), U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed legislation this day creating the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). NASA was well under way by the early years of President John F. Kennedy's administration, when Kennedy proposed that the United States put a man on the Moon by the end of the 1960s, leading to the establishment of the Apollo program. Later unmanned programs—such as Viking, Mariner, Voyager, and Galileo—explored other bodies of the solar system. 
1957Jack Paar began hosting the "Tonight" show on NBC-TV. The name of the show was changed to "The Jack Paar Show". Paar was host for five years.  
1957The International Atomic Energy Agency was established.  
1950Disney's adaptation of Robert Louis Stevenson's "Treasure Island" was released.  
1940John Sigmund of St. Louis, MO completed a 292-mile swim down the Mississippi River. The swim from St. Louis to Caruthersville, MO took him 89 hours and 48 minutes.  
1914The first transcontinental telephone service was inaugurated when two people held a conversation between New York, NY and San Francisco, CA.  
1913Albania was formally recognized by the major European powers as an independent principality following the issuance of the Vlorë proclamation. 
1890Vincent van Gogh died in Auvers-sur-Oise, France, two days after shooting himself. 
1874Major Walter Copton Winfield of England received U.S. patent for the lawn-tennis court.  
1872Nathaniel P. Langford and James Stevenson made the first ascent of Grand Teton, the highest peak of the Teton Range in Wyoming. 
1858Townsend Harris persuaded the Japanese to sign the Harris treaty, an agreement securing commercial and diplomatic privileges for the United States in Japan. 
1786"The Pittsburgh Gazette" became the first newspaper west of the Alleghenies to be published. The paper's name was later changed to "The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette".  
1773The first schoolhouse to be located west of the Allegheny Mountains was built in Schoenbrunn, OH.  
1754The first international boxing match was held. The 25-minute match was won when Jack Slack of Britain knocked out Jean Petit from France.  
1588The Spanish Armada, the great fleet sent by King Philip II of Spain to invade England, was first sighted by the English off Lizard Point, in Cornwall. 
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1973 - Wanya Morris
1973 - Stephen DorffActor
1972 - Wil WheatonActor (Star Trek TNG)
1968 - Julian McMahon
1966 - Martina McBride
1963 - Alexandra PaulActress
1953 - Ken BurnsDocumentary Maker
1953 - Patti ScialfaRock Singer (E Street Band)
1953 - Geddy Lee
1949 - Marilyn Quayle
1938 - Peter Jennings
1936 - Elizabeth Dole
1930 - Paul Taylor
1914 - Irwin CoreyComedian "Professor"
1907 - Melvin Belli
1905 - Clara Bow
1905 - Stanley Kunitz
1883 - Benito Mussolini

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