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Famous Birthdays
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1880Born this day in 1880, Polish American writer Sholem Asch, whose work entered the literary mainstream through translation, was among the most controversial and most widely known writers in modern Yiddish literature. 
2007Paul Tibbets, who etched his mother's name — Enola Gay — into history on the nose of the B-29 bomber he flew to drop the atomic bomb over Hiroshima, died this day in 2007 after six decades of steadfastly defending the mission. He was 92.  
1998Iridium inaugurated the first handheld, global satellite phone and paging system.  
1998Nicaraguan Vice President Enrique Bolanos announced that between 1,000 and 1,500 people were buried in a 32-square mile area below the slopes of the Casita volcano in northern Nicaragua by a mudslide caused by Hurricane Mitch.  
1995In Dayton, OH, the Bosnian peace talks opened with the leaders of Bosnia, Serbia and Croatia present.  
1994The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) launched its Wind spacecraft on a mission that would include a “halo orbit” between the Sun and Earth to explore the space environment there. 
1993The European Community's treaty on European unity took effect.  
1989Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega announced the end of a cease-fire with the Contra rebels.  
1989Tens of thousands of refugees to fled to the West when East Germany reopened its border with Czechoslovakia.  
1987Deng Xiaoping retired from China's Communist Party's Central Committee.  
1985In the village of Ignacio Aldama, 22 members of a Mexican anti-narcotics squad were killed by alleged drug traffickers.  
1981Antigua and Barbuda achieved independence from the United Kingdom, with Vere Bird serving as the first prime minister. 
1979Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini urged all Iranians to demonstrate on November 4 and to expand their attacks against the U.S. and Israel. On November 4, Iranian militants seized the U.S. embassy in Tehran and took 63 Americans hostage.  
1973Leon Jaworski was appointed the new Watergate special prosecutor in the Watergate case.  
1968The movie rating system of G, M, R, X, followed by PG-13 and NC-17 went into effect.  
1963The USSR launched Polyot I. It was the first satellite capable of maneuvering in all directions and able to change its orbit.  
1962"The Lucy Show" premiered.  
1959Jacques Plante, of the Montreal Canadiens, became the first goalie in the NHL to wear a mask.  
1954Algeria began to rebel against French rule.  
1952First thermonuclear bomb tested by the United States. On this day in 1952 on an atoll of the Marshall Islands, Edward Teller and other American scientists tested the first thermonuclear bomb, its power resulting from an uncontrolled, self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction. 
1952The United States exploded the first hydrogen bomb on Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands.  
1950Charles Cooper became the first black man to play in the National Basketball Association (NBA).  
1950Two Puerto Rican nationalists tried to assassinate U.S. President Harry Truman. One of the men was killed when they tried to force their way into Blair House in Washington, DC.  
1949In Washington, 55 people were killed when a fighter plane hit an airliner.  
1947The famous racehorse Man o' War died.  
1944"Harvey," by Mary Chase, opened on Broadway.  
1940"A Night in the Tropics" was released. It was the first movie for Abbott and Costello.  
1937"Hilltop House" was aired for the first time on CBS Radio.  
1937"Terry and the Pirates" debuted on NBC Radio.  
1936Benito Mussolini made a speech in Milan, Italy, in which he described the alliance between Italy and Nazi Germany as an "axis" running between Berlin and Rome.  
1922The Grand National Assembly, at the behest of Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk), voted to abolish the sultanate of Turkey. 
1911Italy used planes to drop bombs on the Tanguira oasis in Libya. It was the first aerial bombing.  
1904The Army War College in Washington, DC, enrolled the first class.  
1894"Billboard Advertising" was published for the first time. It later became known as "Billboard."  
1894Russian Emperor Alexander III died.  
1879Thomas Edison executed his first patent application for a high-resistance carbon filament (U.S. Pat. 223,898).  
1870The U.S. Weather Bureau made its first meteorological observations using 24 locations that provided reports via telegraph.  
1864The U.S. Post Office started selling money orders. The money orders provided a safe way to payments by mail.  
1861Gen. George B. McClellan was made the general-in-chief of the American Union armies.  
1856The first photography magazine, Daguerreian Journal, was published in New York City, NY.  
1848The first medical school for women, founded by Samuel Gregory, opened in Boston, MA. The Boston Female Medical School later merged with Boston University School of Medicine.  
1800U.S. President John Adams became the first president to live in the White House when he moved in.  
1765The British Parliament enacted The Stamp Act in the American colonies. The act was repealed in March of 1766 on the same day that the Parliament passed the Declaratory Acts which asserted that the British government had free and total legislative power of the colonies.  
1765The Stamp Act went into effect, marking the first British parliamentary attempt to raise revenue through direct taxation of all colonial commercial and legal papers. 
1755Lisbon was heavily damaged by an earthquake that demolished more than 9,000 buildings and killed as many as 60,000 people. 
1611"The Tempest," Shakespeare's romantic comedy, was first presented at Whitehall Palace in London.  
1604"Othello," the tragedy by William Shakespeare, was first presented at Whitehall Palace in London.  
1512Michelangelo's paintings on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel were first exhibited to the public.  
996Holy Roman Emperor Otto III granted the Bavarian bishopric of Freising 30 “royal hides,” or about 8 square km (2,000 acres), of land in a deed that contained the first recorded use of the name Ostarrîchi, from which the name Austria is derived. 
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1981 - LaTavia Roberson
1973 - Aishwarya Rai
1972 - Jenny McCarthy
1960 - Fernando Valenzuela
1957 - Lyle Lovett
1951 - Dan Peek
1942 - Larry Flynt
1935 - Gary Player
1871 - Stephen Crane

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