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Today in History
3/5/2015
Famous Birthdays
Reference:
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1897Soong Mei-ling, born this day in 1897, was the wife of Chinese President Chiang Kai-shek, launched the anticommunist New Life Movement, and led the effort to secure Chiang's release after his abduction in the Sian Incident. 
*1887Brazilian musician and Latin American composer Heitor Villa-Lobos was born in Rio de Janeiro. 
*1871Polish German activist Rosa Luxemburg, who played a key role in the founding of the Polish Social Democratic Party and the Spartacus League, was born in Zamosc. 
2004Martha Stewart was found guilty of lying about the reason for selling 3,298 shares of ImClone Systems stock, conspiracy, making false statement and obstruction of justice.  
1998It was announced that Air Force Lt. Col. Eileen Collins would lead crew of Columbia on a mission to launch a large X-ray telescope. She was the first woman to command a space shuttle mission.  
1998NASA announced that an orbiting craft had found enough water on the moon to support a human colony and rocket fueling station.  
1997Chuck Niles received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.  
1997North Korea and South Korea met for first time in 25 years for peace talks.  
1993Cuban President Fidel Castro said that Hillary Clinton is "a beautiful woman."  
1993Sprinter Ben Johnson was banned from racing for life by the Amateur Athletic Association after testing positive for banned performance-enhancing substances for a second time.  
1985Mike Bossy, of the New York Islanders, became the first National Hockey League player to score 50 goals in eight consecutive seasons.  
1984The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that cities had the right to display the Nativity scene as part of their Christmas display.  
1982John Belushi died in Los Angeles of a drug overdose at the age of 33.  
1979The U.S. space probe Voyager 1 flew by Io, the innermost of Jupiter's satellites, and observed nine active volcanoes on its surface. 
1977U.S. President Jimmy Carter appeared on CBS News with Walter Cronkite for the first "Dial-a-President" radio talk show.  
1976The British pound fell below the equivalent of $2 for the first time in history.  
1970A nuclear non-proliferation treaty went into effect after 43 nations ratified it.  
1969Gustav Heinemann was elected West German President.  
1956The U.S. Supreme Court affirmed the ban on segregation in public schools.  
1953Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin died. He had been in power for 29 years.  
1953Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin died in Moscow and was succeeded by Georgy Malenkov. 
1946British Prime Minister Winston Churchill popularized the term “Iron Curtain”—describing the separation between Soviet and Western nations—in a speech at Fulton, Missouri. 
1946The U.S. sent protests to the U.S.S.R. on incursions into Manchuria and Iran.  
1946Winston Churchill delivered his "Iron Curtain Speech".  
1943Germany called fifteen and sixteen year olds for military service due to war losses.  
1934In Amarillo, TX, the first Mother's-In-Law Day was celebrated.  
1933The Nazi Party won 44 percent of the vote in German parliamentary elections.  
1933U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered a four-day bank holiday in order to stop large amounts of money from being withdrawn from banks.  
1924Frank Caruana of Buffalo, NY, became the first bowler to roll two perfect games in a row.  
1923Old-age pension laws were enacted in the states of Montana and Nevada.  
1922Phoebe Anne Oakley Mozee broke all existing records for women's trap shooting. She hit 98 out of 100 targets.  
1918The Soviets moved the capital of Russia from Petrograd to Moscow.  
1912The Italians became the first to use dirigibles for military purposes. They used them for reconnaissance flights behind Turkish lines west of Tripoli.  
1910In Philadelphia, PA, 60,000 people left their jobs to show support for striking transit workers.  
1910The Moroccan envoy signed the 1909 agreement with France.  
1907In St. Petersburg, Russia, the new Duma opened. 40,000 demonstrators were dispersed by troops.  
1905Russian troops began their retreat from Mukden in Manchuria, China. Over 100,000 had been killed in 3 days of fighting.  
1902In France, the National Congress of Miners decided to call for a general strike for an 8-hour day.  
1901Germany and Britain began negotiations with hopes of creating an alliance.  
1900The American Hall of Fame was founded.  
1900Two U.S. battleships leave for Nicaragua to halt revolutionary disturbances.  
1872George Westinghouse patented the air brake.  
1868The U.S. Senate was organized into a court of impeachment to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson.  
1867An abortive Fenian uprising against English rule took place in Ireland.  
1864For the first time, Oxford met Cambridge in track and field competition in England.  
1845The U.S. Congress appropriated $30,000 to ship camels to the western U.S.  
1842A Mexican force of over 500 men under Rafael Vasquez invaded Texas for the first time since the revolution. They briefly occupied San Antonio, but soon headed back to the Rio Grande.  
1836Samuel Colt manufactured the first pistol (.34-caliber).  
1798Napoleon invaded Switzerland and occupied Bern, ending the ancient ruling system of that country, the Confederation of the Thirteen Cantons. 
1793Austrian troops defeated the French and recaptured Liege.  
1770"The Boston Massacre" took place when British troops fired on a crowd in Boston killing five people. Two British troops were later convicted of manslaughter.  
1770Boston Massacre. Harassed by a mob, British troops on this day in 1770 opened fire, killing Crispus Attucks and four others in the Boston Massacre, an event that galvanized anti-British feelings in the lead-up to the American Revolution. 
1766The first Spanish governor of Louisiana, Antonio de Ulloa, arrived in New Orleans.  
1750"King Richard III" was performed in New York City. It was the first Shakespearean play to be presented in America.  
1624In the American colony of Virginia, the upper class was exempted from whipping by legislation.  
1623The first alcohol temperance law in the colonies was enacted in Virginia.  
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1989 - Jake Lloyd
1975 - Eva MendesActress
1975 - Niki Taylor
1974 - Kevin Connolly
1974 - Jill RitchieActress
1958 - Andy Gibb
1956 - Adriana BarrazaActress
1955 - Penn JilletteMagician
1954 - Marsha WarfieldActress-Comedian
1952 - Alan ClarkRock Musician (Dire Straits)
1948 - Eddy GrantSinger
1946 - Michael Warren
1939 - Samantha Eggar
1938 - Fred WilliamsonActor
1936 - Dean Stockwell
1934 - James B. SikkingActor
1922 - James Noble
1908 - Rex Harrison

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