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Today in History
Famous Birthdays
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1928The works of Romanian-born Jewish writer Elie Wiesel, who was born this day in 1928 and received the 1986 Nobel Prize for Peace, provide a sober yet passionate testament of the destruction of Europe's Jews in the Holocaust. 
*1924Truman Streckfus Persons was born in New Orleans, LA. He later changed his name to Truman Capote.  
*1870French physicist Jean Perrin, who received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1926 for his studies of the Brownian motion of minute particles, was born. 
*1861Chewing gum tycoon William Wrigley, Jr. was born.  
2003The FBI began a criminal investigation concerning the possibility that White House officials had illegally leaked the identity of an undercover CIA officer. 
1999In Tokaimura, Japan, radiation escaped a nuclear facility after workers accidentally set off an uncontrolled nuclear chain reaction.  
1999The San Francisco Giants played the Los Angeles Dodgers in the last baseball game to be played at Candlestick Park (3Com Park). The Dodgers won 9-4.  
1998Gov. Pete Wilson of California signed a bill into law that defined "invasion of privacy as trespassing with the intent to capture audio or video images of a celebrity or crime victim engaging in a personal of family activity." The law went into effect January 1, 1999.  
1997France's Roman Catholic Church apologized for its silence during the persecution and deportation of Jews the pro-Nazi Vichy regime.  
1994The space shuttle Endeavor took off on an 11-day mission. Part of the mission was to use a radar instrument to map remote areas of the Earth.  
1993About 10,000 people were killed in India when an earthquake that measured 6.4 hit the southern part of the country.  
1993U.S. chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Colin Powell retired.  
1992George Brett of the Kansas City Royals reached his 3,000th career hit during a game against the California Angels.  
1992Moscow banks distributed privatization vouchers aimed at turning millions of Russians into capitalists.  
1991Haiti's first freely elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, was overthrown by Brigadier General Raoul Cedras. Aristide was later returned to power.  
1990The Soviet Union and South Korea opened diplomatic relations.  
1989Non-Communist Cambodian guerrillas claimed that they had captured 3 towns and 10 other positions from the residing government forces.  
1989Thousands of East Germans began emigrating under an accord between the NATO nations and the Soviet Union.  
1987Mikhail S. Gorbachev retired President Andrei A. Gromyko from the Politburo and fired other old-guard leaders in a shake-up at the Kremlin.  
1986The U.S. released accused Soviet spy Gennadiy Zakharov, one day after the Nicholas Daniloff had been released by the Soviets.  
1985Four Soviet diplomats were kidnapped in Beirut by the Islamic Liberation Organization. One of the diplomats was killed and the other three were later released.  
1984"Doonesbury" by Garry Trudeau returned. The comic strip had not been printed in nearly 20 months.  
1984107 Moslem extremists were sentenced to prison for their actions after the assassination of President Anwar Sadat in 1981.  
1984Mike Witt became only the 11th pitcher to throw a perfect game in major league baseball.  
1982"Cheers" began an 11-year run on NBC-TV.  
1980Israel issued its new currency, the shekel, to replace the pound.  
1976California enacted the Natural Death Act of California. The law was the first example of right-to-die legislation in the U.S.  
1971A committee of nine people was organized to investigate the prison riot at Attica, NY. 10 hostages and 32 prisoners were killed when National Guardsmen stormed the prison on September 13, 1971.  
1971The Soviet Union and the United States signed pacts that were aimed at avoiding an accidental nuclear war.  
1966Albert Speer and Baldur von Schirach were released at midnight from Spandau prison after completing their 20-year sentences. Speer was the Nazi minister of armaments and von Schirach was the founder of Hitler Youth.  
1965In Indonesia a group of army conspirators kidnapped and murdered six army generals, and the following morning the 30th September Movement announced that it had seized power to forestall a coup against the president by a council of generals. 
1963The Soviet Union publicly declared itself on the side of India in their dispute with Pakistan over Kashmir.  
1962James Meredith succeeded in registering at the University of Mississippi. It was his fourth attempt to register.  
1960The Flintstones, an animated, prime-time American television sitcom, premiered on ABC on this day in 1960. The Flintstones ran until April 1, 1966 and was produced by Hanna-Barbera.

The show's continuing popularity rested heavily on its juxtaposition of modern everyday concerns in the Stone Age setting.

The Flintstones was the most financially successful network animated franchise for three decades, until The Simpsons debuted December 17, 1989.
1955Actor James Dean was killed in a car accident at the age of 24 near Cholame, CA. Dean's mechanic, who was also in the vehicle, eventually recovered from his injuries.  
1954Julie Andrews made her first Broadway appearance in "The Boy Friend".  
1954The U.S. Navy commissioned the Nautilus submarine at Groton, CT. It was the first atomic-powered vessel. The submarine had been launched on January 21, 1954.  
1951"The Red Skelton Show" debuted on NBC-TV.  
1949The Berlin Airlift came to an end. The airlift had taken 2.3 million tons of food into the western sector despite the Soviet blockade.  
1947The World Series was televised for the first time. The sponsors only paid $65,000 for the entire series between the Brooklyn Dodgers and the New York Yankees.  
1946An international military tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany, found 22 top Nazi leaders guilty of war crimes.  
1939"Captain Midnight" was heard for the first time on the Mutual Radio Network.  
1938The Munich Conference ended with a decision to appease Adolf Hitler. Britain, and France allowed Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland to be annexed by the Nazis.  
1938Munich Agreement signed. The notorious Munich Agreement, in which Britain's Neville Chamberlain encouraged Britain and France to appease Adolf Hitler's demands in the hope of preventing World War II, was reached on this day in 1938. 
1935"Porgy and Bess" premiered in Boston.  
1935"The Adventures of Dick Tracey" debuted on Mutual Radio Network.  
1930"Death Valley Days" was heard for the first time on the NBC Blue radio network.  
1927George Herman "Babe" Ruth hit his 60th homerun of the season. He broke his own record with the homerun. The record stood until 1961 when Roger Maris broke the record.  
1895French troops occupied Antananarivo, Madagascar, after the refusal of Rainilaiarivony, the prime minister, to submit to French suzerainty. 
1882In Appleton, WI, the world's first hydroelectric power plant began operating.  
1868Spain's Queen Isabella was deposed and fled to France.  
1846Ether, an experimental anesthetic at the time, was used for the first time by Dr. William Morton at Massachusetts General Hospital.  
1791The opera The Magic Flute by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart premiered in Vienna. 
1787The Columbia left Boston and began the trip that would make it the first American vessel to sail around the world.  
1777The Congress of the United States moved to York, PA, due to advancing British forces.  
1773The Polish Sejm (legislature) ratified the treaty that led to the First Partition of Poland by Russia, Prussia, and Austria. 
1630John Billington was hanged for murder. He was the first criminal to be executed in the American colonies.  
1399Henry Bolingbroke became the King of England as Henry IV.  
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1982 - Kieran Culkin
1982 - Lacey Chabert
1981 - Dominique Moceanu
1980 - Martina Hingis
1971 - Jenna Elfman
1968 - Monica Bellucci
1964 - Robby Takac
1961 - Eric Stoltz
1957 - Fran Drescher
1943 - Marilyn McCoo
1935 - Z.Z. Hill
1935 - Johnny Mathis
1931 - Angie Dickinson
1924 - Truman Capote
1921 - Deborah Kerr
1917 - Buddy Rich
1207 - Rumi

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