|*1942||American entertainer Barbra Streisandóone of the most popular singers of her generation, a star of stage and screen (especially in musicals), and one of the most powerful women in show businessówas born this day in 1942.
|*1904||Painter Willem de Kooning, one of the leading exponents of Abstract Expressionism, was born in Rotterdam, Netherlands.
|2005||On this day in 2005, Pope Benedict XVI (Joseph Ratzinger), successor to John Paul II, formally assumed his position as the new leader of the Roman Catholic Church during a mass in St. Peter's Square in Vatican City.
|2003||Officials of North Korea informed U.S. diplomats that it had nuclear weapons and was making bomb-grade plutonium.
|2000||ABC-TV aired the TV movie "The Three Stooges." || |
|1998||ABC confirmed that it was canceling the TV series "Ellen." The show was the first series to feature an openly gay lead character. || |
|1997||The U.S. Senate ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention. The global treaty banned the development, production, storage and use of chemical weapons. || |
|1994||Madonna visited the San Antonio Spurs locker room to congratulate David Robinson on his 71-point performance. || |
|1990||Michael Milken plead guilty to six felonies and agreed to pay a $600 million penalty. He was later sentenced to ten years in prison. Milken had sold junk-bond in the 1980s. || |
|1990||The space shuttle Discovery blasted off from Cape Canaveral, FL. It was carrying the $1.5 billion Hubble Space Telescope. || |
|1989||Thousands of students began striking in Beijing. || |
|1987||In Palm Bay, FL, a gunman opened fire in a mall. He killed six and wounded 10. || |
|1981||The IBM Personal Computer was introduced. || |
|1974||David Bowie released "Diamond Dogs." || |
|1973||Albert Sabin reported that herpesviruses were factors in nine kinds of cancer. || |
|1970||The People's Republic of China launched its first satellite. || |
|1968||Leftist students took over several campus buildings at Columbia University. || |
|1967||The newest Greek regime banned miniskirts. || |
|1967||Soviet cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov became the first man to die during a space mission when his spacecraft became entangled in its parachute during an attempted landing.
|1962||MIT sent a TV signal by satellite for the first time. || |
|1961||Sandy Koufax of the Los Angeles Dodgers struck out 18 batters becoming the first major-league pitcher to do so on two different occasions. || |
|1961||U.S. President Kennedy accepted "sole responsibility" following Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba. || |
|1955||"X-Minus One," a science fiction show, was first heard for the first time on NBC radio. || |
|1953||Winston Churchill was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II. || |
|1952||Raymond Burr made his TV acting debut on the "Gruen Guild Playhouse" in an episode titled, "The Tiger." || |
|1949||Communist forces occupied the Chinese capital, Nanking (Nanjing), after crossing the Yangtze River virtually unopposed by adherents to the Nationalist government under President Chiang Kai-shek.
|1948||The Berlin airlift began to relieve the surrounded city. || |
|1944||The first B-29 arrived in China, over the Hump of the Himalayas. || |
|1916||Members of the Irish Volunteers and the Irish Citizen Army seized strategic points in Dublin during the Easter Rising, which heralded the end of British power in Ireland.
|1915||During World War I, the Ottoman Turkish Empire began the mass deportation of Armenians. || |
|1898||Spain declared war on the U.S., rejecting America's ultimatum for Spain to withdraw from Cuba. || |
|1897||William Price became the first to be named White House news reporter. || |
|1889||The Edison General Electric Company was organized. || |
|1884||Otto von Bismarck cabled Cape Town that South Africa was now a German colony. || |
|1877||In the U.S., federal troops were ordered out of New Orleans. This was the end to the North's post-Civil War rule in the South. || |
|1877||War broke out between Russia and the Ottoman Empire at the conclusion of the Serbo-Turkish War, resulting in independence for Serbia and Montenegro.
|1833||A patent was granted for first soda fountain. || |
|1805||The U.S. Marines attacked and captured the town of Derna in Tripoli. || |
|1800||The Library of Congress was established with a $5,000 allocation. || |
|1792||French army officer Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle composed "La Marseillaise," the French national anthem.
|1558||Mary, Queen of Scotland, married the French dauphin, Francis. || |
|1547||Charles V's troops defeated the Protestant League of Schmalkalden at the battle of Muhlburg. || |
|1519||Envoys of Montezuma II attended the first Easter mass in Central America. || |