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Today in History
Famous Birthdays
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1942American entertainer Barbra Streisandóone of the most popular singers of her generation, a star of stage and screen (especially in musicals), and one of the most powerful women in show businessówas born this day in 1942.  
*1904Painter Willem de Kooning, one of the leading exponents of Abstract Expressionism, was born in Rotterdam, Netherlands.  
2005On this day in 2005, Pope Benedict XVI (Joseph Ratzinger), successor to John Paul II, formally assumed his position as the new leader of the Roman Catholic Church during a mass in St. Peter's Square in Vatican City.  
2003Officials of North Korea informed U.S. diplomats that it had nuclear weapons and was making bomb-grade plutonium.  
2000ABC-TV aired the TV movie "The Three Stooges."  
1998ABC confirmed that it was canceling the TV series "Ellen." The show was the first series to feature an openly gay lead character.  
1997The U.S. Senate ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention. The global treaty banned the development, production, storage and use of chemical weapons.  
1994Madonna visited the San Antonio Spurs locker room to congratulate David Robinson on his 71-point performance.  
1990Michael Milken plead guilty to six felonies and agreed to pay a $600 million penalty. He was later sentenced to ten years in prison. Milken had sold junk-bond in the 1980s.  
1990The space shuttle Discovery blasted off from Cape Canaveral, FL. It was carrying the $1.5 billion Hubble Space Telescope.  
1989Thousands of students began striking in Beijing.  
1987In Palm Bay, FL, a gunman opened fire in a mall. He killed six and wounded 10.  
1981The IBM Personal Computer was introduced.  
1974David Bowie released "Diamond Dogs."  
1973Albert Sabin reported that herpesviruses were factors in nine kinds of cancer.  
1970The People's Republic of China launched its first satellite.  
1968Leftist students took over several campus buildings at Columbia University.  
1967The newest Greek regime banned miniskirts.  
1967Soviet cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov became the first man to die during a space mission when his spacecraft became entangled in its parachute during an attempted landing.  
1962MIT sent a TV signal by satellite for the first time.  
1961Sandy Koufax of the Los Angeles Dodgers struck out 18 batters becoming the first major-league pitcher to do so on two different occasions.  
1961U.S. President Kennedy accepted "sole responsibility" following Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba.  
1955"X-Minus One," a science fiction show, was first heard for the first time on NBC radio.  
1953Winston Churchill was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.  
1952Raymond Burr made his TV acting debut on the "Gruen Guild Playhouse" in an episode titled, "The Tiger."  
1949Communist forces occupied the Chinese capital, Nanking (Nanjing), after crossing the Yangtze River virtually unopposed by adherents to the Nationalist government under President Chiang Kai-shek.  
1948The Berlin airlift began to relieve the surrounded city.  
1944The first B-29 arrived in China, over the Hump of the Himalayas.  
1916Members of the Irish Volunteers and the Irish Citizen Army seized strategic points in Dublin during the Easter Rising, which heralded the end of British power in Ireland.  
1915During World War I, the Ottoman Turkish Empire began the mass deportation of Armenians.  
1898Spain declared war on the U.S., rejecting America's ultimatum for Spain to withdraw from Cuba.  
1897William Price became the first to be named White House news reporter.  
1889The Edison General Electric Company was organized.  
1884Otto von Bismarck cabled Cape Town that South Africa was now a German colony.  
1877In the U.S., federal troops were ordered out of New Orleans. This was the end to the North's post-Civil War rule in the South.  
1877War broke out between Russia and the Ottoman Empire at the conclusion of the Serbo-Turkish War, resulting in independence for Serbia and Montenegro.  
1833A patent was granted for first soda fountain.  
1805The U.S. Marines attacked and captured the town of Derna in Tripoli.  
1800The Library of Congress was established with a $5,000 allocation.  
1792French army officer Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle composed "La Marseillaise," the French national anthem.  
1558Mary, Queen of Scotland, married the French dauphin, Francis.  
1547Charles V's troops defeated the Protestant League of Schmalkalden at the battle of Muhlburg.  
1519Envoys of Montezuma II attended the first Easter mass in Central America.  
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1985 - Courtnee Draper
1982 - Kelly Clarkson
1980 - Austin NicholsActor
1977 - Rebecca MaderActress
1977 - Eric BalfourActor
1974 - Derek LukeActor
1972 - Chipper Jones
1964 - Cedric the Entertainer
1964 - Djimon HounsonActor
1955 - Michael O'KeefeActor
1952 - Jean-Paul Gaultier
1945 - Doug Clifford
1942 - Barbra Streisand
1940 - Sue GraftonAuthor
1940 - Michael ParksActor-Singer
1936 - Jill Ireland
1934 - Shirley MacLaine
1930 - Richard DonnerMovie Director-Producer
1815 - Anthony Trollope

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