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Famous Birthdays
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1917Lena Horne, an American actress and civil rights activist who first came to fame in the 1940s and starred in such films as Cabin in the Sky (1942) and Stormy Weather (1943), was born in Brooklyn, New York, this day in 1917. 
2000U.S. President Clinton signed the E-Signature bill to give the same legal validity to an electronic signature as a signature in pen and ink. 
1998Officials confirmed that the remains of a Vietnam War serviceman buried in the Tomb of the Unknowns at Arlington National Cemetery were identified as those of Air Force pilot Michael J. Blassie.  
1994The U.S. Figure Skating Association stripped Tonya Harding of the 1994 national championship and banned her from the organization for life for an attack on rival Nancy Kerrigan.  
1986The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that states could outlaw homosexual acts between consenting adults.  
1985Thirty-nine American hostages were freed from a hijacked TWA jetliner in Beirut after being held for 17 days.  
1985Yul Brynner left his role as the King of Siam after 4,600 performances in "The King and I."  
1984The longest professional football game took place in the United States Football League (USFL). The Los Angeles Express beat the Michigan Panthers 27-21 after 93 minutes and 33 seconds.  
1977U.S. President Jimmy Carter announced his opposition to the B-1 bomber.  
1974Russian ballet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov defected in Toronto, Canada.  
1974The July 4th scene from the Steven Spielberg movie "Jaws" was filmed.  
1974Soviet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov defected from the U.S.S.R. while on tour in Canada. 
1971The 26th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified when Ohio became the 38th state to approve it. The amendment lowered the minimum voting age to 18.  
1971The Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 11 returned to Earth. The three cosmonauts were found dead inside.  
1971The U.S. Supreme Court allowed the New York Times to continue publishing the Pentagon Papers.  
1970The Cincinnati Reds moved to their new home at Riverfront Stadium.  
1964The last of U.N. troops left Congo after a four-year effort to bring stability to the country.  
1962Los Angeles Dodger Sandy Koufax pitched his first no-hitter in a game with the New York Mets.  
1960The Katanga province seceded from Congo (upon Congo's independence from Belgium).  
1960Zaire, formerly Belgian Congo and now the Democratic Republic of the Congo, declared its independence from Belgium. 
1958The U.S. Congress passed a law authorizing the admission of Alaska as the 49th state in the Union.  
1957The American occupation headquarters in Japan was dissolved.  
1955The U.S. began funding West Germany’s rearmament.  
1953The first Corvette rolled off the Chevrolet assembly line in Flint, MI. It sold for $3,250.  
1953The first Chevrolet Corvette was rolled off the assembly line in Flint, Michigan. 
1952CBS-TV debuted "The Guiding Light."  
1951On orders from Washington, General Matthew Ridgeway broadcasts that the United Nations was willing to discuss an armistice with North Korea.  
1950U.S. President Harry Truman ordered U.S. troops into Korea and authorizes the draft.  
1936Margaret Mitchell’s book, "Gone with the Wind," was published in New York City.  
1935Fascists caused an uproar at the League of Nations when Haile Selassie of Ethiopia speaks.  
1934Adolf Hitler purged the Nazi Party by destroying the SA and bringing to power the SS in the "Night of the Long Knives."  
1934Night of the Long Knives. On this date in 1934, in the “Night of the Long Knives,” Adolf Hitler had summarily executed many leading officials of the SA, a Nazi paramilitary group that marched in rallies and carried out violence against opponents. 
1930France pulled its troops out of Germany’s Rhineland.  
1922Irish rebels in London assassinate Sir Henry Wilson, the British deputy for Northern Ireland.  
1921The Radio Corporation of America (RCA) was formed.  
1915During World War I, the Second Battle Artois ended when the French failed to take Vimy Ridge.  
1913Fighting broke out between Bulgaria and Greece and Spain. It was the beginning of the Second Balkan War.  
1912Belgian workers went on strike to demand universal suffrage.  
1908An explosion in Siberia, which knocked down trees in a 40-mile radius and struck people unconscious some 40 miles away. It was believed by some scientists to be caused by a falling fragment from a meteorite.  
1908An enormous aerial explosion, presumably caused by a comet fragment colliding with Earth, flattened approximately 2,000 square km (500,000 acres) of pine forest near the Podkamennaya Tunguska River in central Siberia. 
1894Korea declared independence from China and asked for Japanese aid.  
1893The Excelsior diamond—which, weighing 995 carats, was the largest uncut diamond ever found to that time—was discovered in the De Beers mine at Jagersfontein, Orange Free State. 
1859Jean-François Gravelet, known as Blondin, crossed Niagara Falls on a tightrope that was 335 metres (1,100 feet) long and 49 metres (160 feet) above the water. 
1859Charles Blondin crossed Niagara Falls on a tightrope.  
1841The Erie Railroad rolled out its first passenger train.  
1097The Crusaders defeated the Turks at Dorylaeum.  
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1985 - Michael Phelps
1984 - Fantasia Barrino
1982 - Lizzy CaplanActress
1979 - Rick GonzalezActor
1975 - Ralf Schumacher
1971 - Monica PotterActress
1970 - Brian BloomActor
1970 - Brian VincentActor
1969 - Tom DrummondRock Musician (Better Than Ezra)
1966 - Mike Tyson
1963 - Rupert GravesActor
1962 - Deirdre LovejoyActress
1959 - Vincent D'OnofrioActor
1956 - David Alan GrierComedian
1953 - Hal LindesRock Musician (Dire Straits)
1952 - David GarrisonActor
1951 - Stanley ClarkeJazz Musician
1950 - Leonard Whiting
1944 - Glenn ShorrockSinger
1936 - Tony MuaanteActor
1936 - Nancy DussaultActresa
1934 - Harry Blackstone, Jr.
1919 - Susan Hayward
1917 - Lena Horne

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