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Today in History
Famous Birthdays
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1873Sergey Rachmaninoff, who was born this day in 1873, was a great figure in Russian Romanticism and a leading piano virtuoso who is especially known for his piano concerti and his Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini.  
2004Gateway Inc. announced that it would be closing all of its 188 stores on April 9.  
2004U.S. President George W. Bush signed the Unborn Victims of Violence Act. The bill made it a crime to harm a fetus during an assault on a pregnant woman.  
2003Jason Mewes was ordered to complete drug rehabilitation or face five years in jail stemming from a drug conviction in 1999.  
2003North Korea test-fired an anti-ship missile off its west coast.  
2001China began holding 24 crewmembers of a U.S. surveillance plane. The EP-3E U.S. Navy crew had made an emergency landing after an in-flight collision with a Chinese fighter jet. The Chinese pilot was missing and presumed dead. The U.S. crew was released on April 11, 2001.  
2001Former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic was arrested on corruption charges after a 26-hour standoff with the police at his Belgrade villa.  
1999In Zhytomyr, Ukraine, Anatoliy Onoprienko was sentenced to death for the deaths of 52 men, women and children. 43 of the killings occurred in a 6-month period.  
1999The Canadian territory of Nunavut was created this day in 1999 by carving a vast region from Canada's Northwest Territories that stretches across much of the Canadian Arctic and encompasses the traditional lands of the Inuit. The Nunavut Territory covers about 772,000 square miles. 
1998A federal judge dismissed the Paula Jones' sexual harassment lawsuit against U.S. President Clinton saying that the claims fell "far short" of being worthy of a trial.  
1997David Carradine received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.  
1996U.S. President Bill Clinton threw out the first ball preceding a game between the Kansas City Royals and the Baltimore Orioles.  
1992Players began the first strike in the 75-year history of the National Hockey League (NHL).  
1991Iran released British hostage Roger Cooper after 5 years.  
1991The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that jurors could not be barred from serving due to their race.  
1991The Warsaw Pact was officially dissolved.  
1987Steve Newman became the first man to walk around the world. The walk was 22,000 miles and took 4 years.  
1987U.S. President Reagan told doctors in Philadelphia, "We've declared AIDS public health enemy No. 1."  
1986The U.S. submarine Nathaniel Green ran aground in the Irish Sea.  
1983New York Islander Mike Bossy became the first National Hockey League (NHL) player to score 60 goals in 3 consecutive seasons.  
1982The U.S. transferred the Canal Zone to Panama.  
1980A failed assassination attempt against Iraqi vice-premier Tariq Aziz occurred.  
1979Iran was proclaimed to be an Islamic Republic by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini after the fall of the Shah.  
1976Apple Computer began operations.  
1973Japan allowed its citizens to own gold.  
1972North Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops renewed their offensive in South Vietnam.  
1971The United Kingdom lifted all restrictions on gold ownership.  
1970The U.S. Army charged Captain Ernest Medina in the My Lai massacre.  
1970U.S. President Nixon signed the bill, the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act, that banned cigarette advertisements to be effective on January 1, 1971.  
1963The Soap operas "General Hospital" and "Doctors" premiered on television.  
1963Workers of the International Typographical Union ended their strike that had closed nine New York City newspapers. The strike ended 114 days after it began on December 8, 1962.  
1960France exploded 2 atom bombs in the Sahara Desert.  
1960The U.S. launched TIROS-1. It was the first weather satellite.  
1955"One Man's Family" was seen on TV for the final time after a six-year run on NBC-TV.  
1954The U.S. Air Force Academy was formed in Colorado.  
1954The United States Air Force Academy was created by an act of Congress and was later built in Colorado Springs, Colorado. 
1953The U.S. Congress created the Department of Health Education and Welfare.  
1952The Big Bang theory was proposed in "Physical Review" by Alpher, Bethe & Gamow.  
1950Italian Somalia became a United Nations trust territory under Italian administration.  
1949"Happy Pappy" premiered. It was the first all-black-cast variety show.  
1948The Berlin Airlift began.  
1946A tidal wave (tsunami) struck the Hawaiian Islands killing more than 170 people.  
1946Weight Watchers was formed.  
1945U.S. forces invaded Okinawa during World War II. It was the last campaign of World War II.  
1945U.S. troops landed on the Japanese island of Okinawa during World War II. 
1941The first contract for advertising on a commercial FM radio station began on W71NY in New York City.  
1939The U.S. recognized the Franco government in Spain at end of Spanish civil war.  
1938The Baseball Hall of Fame opened in Cooperstown, NY.  
1938The first commercially successful fluorescent lamps were introduced.  
1937Aden became a British colony.  
1935The first radio tube to be made of metal was announced.  
1934Bonnie & Clyde killed 2 police officers.  
1933Nazi Germany began the persecution of Jews by boycotting Jewish businesses.  
1931An Earthquake devastated Managua Nicaragua killing 2,000.  
1931Jackie Mitchell became the first female in professional baseball when she signed with the Chattanooga Baseball Club.  
1930Leo Hartnett of the Chicago Cubs broke the altitude record for a catch by catching a baseball dropped from the Goodyear blimp 800 feet over Los Angeles, CA.  
1929Louie Marx introduced the Yo-Yo.  
1928China's Chiang Kai-shek began attacking communists.  
1927The first automatic record changer was introduced by His Master's Voice.  
1924Adolf Hitler was sentenced to five years in prison for high treason in relation to the "Beer Hall Putsch."  
1924Imperial Airways was formed in Britain.  
1918The United Kingdom's Royal Air Force was formed. 
1918England's Royal Flying Corps was replaced by the Royal Air Force.  
1917American composer and pianist Scott Joplin died in a mental institution in New York City. 
1916The first U.S. national women's swimming championships were held.  
1905Paris and Berlin were linked by telephone.  
1905The British East African Protectorate became the colony of Kenya.  
1891The London-Paris telephone connection opened.  
1889The first dishwashing machine was marketed (in Chicago).  
1881Anti-Jewish riots took place in Jerusalem.  
1881Kingdom post office in Netherlands opened.  
1876The first official National League (NL) baseball game took place. Boston beat Philadelphia 6-5.  
1873Mehmed Kemals play "Vatan" premiered in Constantinople.  
1873The British White Star steamship Atlantic sank off Nova Scotia killing 547.  
1872The first edition of "The Standard" was published.  
1868The Hampton Institute opened.  
1867Blacks voted in the municipal election in Tuscumbia, AL.  
1867Singapore, Penang & Malakka became British crown colonies.  
1867The International Exhibition opened in Paris.  
1865At the Battle of Five Forks in Petersburg, VA, Gen. Robert E. Lee began his final offensive.  
1864The first travel accident policy was issued to James Batterson by the Travelers Insurance Company.  
1863The first wartime conscription law goes into effect in the U.S.  
1853Cincinnati became the first U.S. city to pay fire fighters a regular salary.  
1826Samuel Mory patented the internal combustion engine.  
1793In Japan, the volcano Unsen erupted killing about 53,000.  
1789The U.S. House of Representatives held its first full meeting in New York City. Frederick Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania was elected the first House Speaker.  
1778Oliver Pollock, a New Orleans businessman, created the "$" symbol.  
1748The ruins of Pompeii were found.  
1724Jonathan Swift published Drapier's letters.  
1621The Plymouth, MA, colonists created the first treaty with Native Americans.  
1578William Harvey of England discovered blood circulation.  
1572The Sea Beggars under Guillaume de la Marck landed in Holland and captured the small town of Briel.  
527Justinianus became the emperor of Byzantium.  
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1981 - Hannah Spearitt
1938 - Ali MacGraw
1932 - Gordon Jump
1932 - Debbie Reynolds
1926 - Anne McCaffrey
1920 - Toshiro Mifune
1908 - Abraham Maslow
1873 - Sergei Rachmaninoff
1815 - Otto von Bismarck
1578 - William Harvey

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