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Today in History
Famous Birthdays
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1914American physician and medical researcher Jonas Edward Salk, who developed the first safe and effective vaccine for polio, was born. 
1998An Air China jet was hijacked and flown to Taiwan by pilot Yuan Bin. He was upset with his pay and working conditions. The plane arrived safely and Yuan Bin was taken into custody. 
1996The Dow Jones Industial Average gained a record 337.17 points (or 5%). The day before the Dow had dropped 554.26 points (or 7%).  
1994U.S. President Clinton visited Kuwait and implied that all the troops there would be home by Christmas.  
1993Ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, called for a complete blockade of Haiti to force out the military leaders.  
1990Iraq announced that it was halting gasoline rationing.  
1988Roussel Uclaf, a French manufacturer that produces the abortion pill RU486, announced it would resume distribution of the drug after the government of France demanded it do so.  
1986The centennial of the Statue of Liberty was celebrated in New York.  
1985John A. Walker Jr. and his son, Michael Lance Walker, pled guilty to charges of spying for the Soviet Union.  
1984The New York City Marathon was marred by its first fatality when a French runner who collapsed and died.  
1983The U.S. vetoed a U.N. Security Council resolution "deeply deploring" the ongoing U.S.-led invasion of Grenada.  
1976John D. Erlichman, a former aide to U.S. President Richard Nixon, entered a federal prison camp in Safford, AZ, to begin serving his sentence for Watergate-related convictions.  
1971Great Britain launched Prospero, the first of four X-3 satellites. 
1965The Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri, designed by Finnish-born American architect Eero Saarinen to commemorate St. Louis's historic role as “Gateway to the West,” was completed. 
1965Pope Paul VI issued a decree absolving Jews of collective guilt for the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.  
1962Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev capitulated to U.S. demands to halt delivery of nuclear-armed missiles to Cuba, bringing an end to the Cuban missile crisis. 
1958Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli was elected Pope. He took the name John XXIII.  
1949U.S. President Harry Truman swore in Eugenie Moore Anderson as the U.S. ambassador to Denmark. Anderson was the first woman to hold the post of ambassador.  
1940During World War II, Italy invaded Greece.  
1936The Statue of Liberty was rededicated by U.S. President Roosevelt on its 50th anniversary.  
1922Benito Mussolini took control of the Italian government and introduced fascism to Italy.  
1919The U.S. Congress enacted the Volstead Act, also known as the National Prohibition Act, overriding President Woodrow Wilson's veto. Prohibition was repealed in 1933 with the passing of the 21st Amendment to the U.S. Constitution 
1918Tomáš Masaryk, Edvard Beneš, and other leaders issued a proclamation announcing the formation of an independent Czechoslovakian state. 
1904The St. Louis Police Department became the first to use fingerprinting.  
1886Statue of Liberty dedicated. The Statue of Liberty, a gift from the people of France to the people of the United States on the occasion of America's 100th anniversary in 1876, was officially dedicated this day in 1886 by U.S. President Grover Cleveland. The statue weighs 225 tons and is 152 feet tall. It was originally known as "Liberty Enlightening the World."  
1793Eli Whitney applied for a patent for his cotton gin.  
1790Spain, yielding to British demands, signed the convention that resolved the Nootka Sound controversy. 
1776The Battle of White Plains took place during the American Revolutionary War.  
1704John Locke, an initiator of the Enlightenment and founder of British Empiricism whose ideas inspired liberalism and influenced the American and French revolutions and the U.S. Constitution, died this day in 1704. 
1636Harvard University, the oldest institute of higher learning in the United States, was founded by the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. 
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1998 - Nolan GouldActor
1997 - Sierra McCormickActress
1974 - Joaquin Phoenix
1969 - Ben HarperSinger
1967 - Julia Roberts
1966 - Andy RichterActor-Comedian
1963 - Lauren HollyActress
1962 - Daphne Zuniga
1960 - Mark DerwinActor
1955 - Bill Gates
1952 - Annie PottsActress
1949 - Bruce Jenner
1948 - Telma HopkinsActress
1944 - Dennis Franz
1939 - Jane AlexanderActress
1936 - Charlie Daniels
1927 - Cleo Laine
1914 - Jonas Salk

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